V4Edu

NEET Syllabus

NEET UG 2024 Updated Syllabus

For Admission Update

    NEET Syllabus 2024: Overview

    The National Medical Commission (NMC) revised the NTA NEET Syllabus 2024 for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. A number of topics have been reduced as well as new topics have been added to NEET 2024 Syllabus. The students planning to prepare for the upcoming NEET 2024 Exam must prepare according to the new revised NEET 2024 Syllabus. The students must go through the revised Syllabus and Exam Pattern of NEET 2024.

    NEET Syllabus 2024: Table of Content

    NTA NEET Syllabus 2024

    As we all know that For the academic year 2024-25, the NEET 2024 exam will be conducted on May 05, 2024 (Sunday) . NTA revised the NEET 2024 Syllabus now some topics have been removed and some new topics have been added to the NEET Syllabus 2024. NEET 2024 Syllabus has been revised by NMC after considering the syllabus of different boards like NCERT, CBSE and COBSE to ensure uniformity in medical education across India. NEET 2024 syllabus Covers almost all important topics of class 11th and 12th Biology, Physics and Chemistry Subjects.

    NEET 2024 Syllabus for UG Exam

    The NEET 2024 exam is a national medical entrance examination conducted every year by the NTA. Before knowing about the NEET syllabus, the NEET aspirants must be familiar with the structure and pattern of NEET 2024 Exam. Have a look at the summary of the NEET Exam 2024.
    NEET Exam Summery
    Total Number of Questions 200 Questions (20 Optional – 5 from each subject)
    Marks 720 Marks
    NEET Exam Date 2024 May 05, 2024
    Sections
    1. Physics
    2. Chemistry
    3. Biology
    Marking Scheme For the correct answer: + 4 For Incorrect answer: -1
    Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
    Exam Mode Offline (Pen and Paper Test)
    Duration 3 hours 20 minutes
    Language options in NEET 11 languages: English, Hindi, Urdu, Telugu, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Oriya, Tamil, Kannada, and Assamese

    NTA NEET UG 2024 Exam Pattern

    The NTA NEET Exam is conducted every year in pen-paper mode by the NTA(National Testing Agency). Before digging into the NEET syllabus, check out the NTA’s NEET exam pattern. This will give you a clear understanding of the updated NEET 2024 exam format. As per the new exam pattern, there will be 2 sections in each subject consisting of 35 questions in Section A and 15 questions in Section B (out of which choose to attempt any 10 questions).

    1. There will be 200 Multiple Choice Questions in total (out of which 20 are optional). Each correct question carries 4 marks.
    2. NEET (UG) – 2024 is a Pen & Paper-based Test, to be answered on the specially designed machine gradable OMR sheet using Ball Point Pen
    3. There will be a negative marking of minus one (-1) mark for each incorrect answer.
    4. The total duration of the NEET 2024 Exam is 3 hours 20 minutes (200 minutes)
    NEET UG 2024 Exam Pattern
    SNSubjects SectionsNo. of QuestionsMarks Duration of Exam
    1PhysicsSection A351403 hours 20 minutes (200 minutes)
    Section B1540
    2ChemistrySection A35140
    Section B1540
    3BotanySection A35140
    Section B1540
    4ZoologySection A35140
    Section B1540
    Total200 (20 optional)720
    NEET Exam Pattern

    NEET 2024 Syllabus

    The NTA NEET syllabus 2024 covers complete course of class 11th and Class 12th of Physics, Chemistry and Biology(Botany and zoology) subjects. The detailed subject-wise revised Syllabus of the NEET 2024 exam and deleted topics of NEET syllabus is as follows:

    Revised NEET 2024 Syllabus Subject wise

    As we all aware that NTA revised NEET Syllabus for NEET 2024 here in this table we displayed subject wise detailed revised NEET syllabus 2024. Syllabus is given unit wise and subject wise, you can also download NEET Syllabus 2024 official pdf file released by NTA.

    SectionNEET Syllabus 2024
    Biology 

    UNIT l: Diversity in Living World

    • What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature.
    • Five kingdom classification: salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups: Lichens; Viruses and Viroids.
    • salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category).
    • Salient features and classification of animals-Non chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples) 

    UNIT 2: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

    • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower’ fruit and seed 1To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus) Family (malvaceae, Cruciferae, leguminoceae, compositae, graminae).
    • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (Frog)’ (Brief account only)

    UNIT 3: Cell Structure and Function

    • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope’ cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles- structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum’ Golgi bodies’ lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton’ cilia flagella centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
    • chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates. lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action’ classification and nomenclature of anzymes.
    • B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance. 

    UNIT 4: Plant Physiology

    • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary-. idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration c3 and c4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
    • Respiration: Exchange gases; cellular respiration-glycolysis. fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations- Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
    • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators- auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA.

    UNIT 5: Human Physiology

    • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthm4 Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
    • Body fluids and circulation: composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of brood; composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output. ECG. Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
    • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and fuction; Urine formation, osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor’ ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
    • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
    • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humanscentral nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse.
    • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, Thyroid, parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary ldea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and rerated disorders (common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).

    UNIT 6: Reproduction

    • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes- apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
    • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation: Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
    • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; lnfertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).

    UNIT 7: Genetics and Evolution

    • Heredity and variation: Mendelian lnheritance; Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-l-n humans’ birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
    • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation- Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing, protein biosynthesis.
    • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modem Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution- Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

    UNIT 8: Biology and Human Welfare

    • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm, dengue, chikungunya); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse. Tobacco abuse.
    • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, lndustrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

    UNIT 9: Biotechnology and its Applications

    • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
    • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gens therapy Genetically modified :organisms- Br crops: Transgenic Animals Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

    UNIT l0: Ecology and Environment

    • Organisms and environment Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism Population attributes-growth. birth rate ad death rate, age distribution.
    • Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition: Energy flow: Pyramids of number, biomass. energy.
    • Biodiversity and its conservation: concept of Biodiversity; patterns of Biodiversity: Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms. extinction; Red Data Book. biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries, Sacred Groves.
    Chemistry

    PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

    UNIT I: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY

    Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element. and compound: Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

    UNIT 2: ATOMIC STRUCTURE

    Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohr model of a hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie’s relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of  yand Y2 with r for ls and 2s orbitals: various

    quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p, and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle. Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

    UNIT 3: CHEMICAL BONDINC AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE

    Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds’

    Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.

    covalent Bonding: concept of electronegativity. Fajan’s rule, dipole moment: valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR)theory and shapes of simple molecules.

    Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – its important features. the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.

    Molecular orbital Theory – Its important features. LCAOs, ‘types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy.

    Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

    UNIT 4: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS

    Fundamentals of thermodynamics: system and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties. state functions, types of processes’

    The first lew of thermodynamics – concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion’ formation, atomization. sublimation. phase transition, hydration. ionization. and solution.

    The second law of thermodynamics – Spontaneity of processes: AS of the universe and AG of the system as criteria for spontaneity. AG” (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium Constant.

    UNIT 5: SOLUTIONS

    Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution – molarity, molarity, more fraction. percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions: colligative properties of dilute solutions – a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression or freezing point’ the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.

    UNIT 6: EQUILIBRIUM

    Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium.

    Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid – gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry’s law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

    Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of AG and Ag0 in chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature the effect of
    catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.

    Ionic equilibrium: weak. and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of
    acids and bases (Arrhenius. Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water. pH

    scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salt and pH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

    UNIT 7: REDOX REACTIONS and ELECTROCHEMISTRY

    Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reaction.

    Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.

    Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, potentials including standard- electrode potential, half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications: relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change: dry cell and lead accumulator: Fuel cells.

    UNIT 8: CHEMICAL KINETICS

    Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst: elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions. their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions. Arrhenius theory. activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

    INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    UNIT 9: CLASSITICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES

    Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table. s, p. d and fblock elements- periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii. ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy. valence. oxidation states. and chemical reactivity.

    UNIT 10: P- BLOCK ELEMENTS

    Group -13 to Group 18 Elements

    General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

    UNIT 11: d – and f- BLOCK ELEMENTS

    Transition Elements General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states. atomic radii. colour. catalytic behaviour. magnetic properties, complex formation.

    Interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7.and KMnO4.

    inner Transition Elements

    Lanthanoids-Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction.

    Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

    UNIT 12: CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS

    Introduction to coordination compounds. Wemer, stheory; ligands, coordination number. denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds’ isomerism:

    Bonding. Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystaltield theory, colour and magnetic properties; importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis. extraction of metals and in biological systems).

    ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    UNIT 13: PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOIJNDS

    Purification- Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography – principles and their application.

    Qualitative analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulphur phosphorus and halogens.

    Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon. hydrogen. nitrogen. halogens. sulphur. phosphorus.

    calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

    UNIT I4: SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p): classification of

    organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series: Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.

    Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)
    Covslent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals. carbocations and carbanions stability of carbocations and free radicals. electrophiles and nucleophiles.
    Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
    – Inductive effect, electromeric effect. resonance. and hyperconjugation.

    Common types of organic reactions- Substitution. addition. elimination, and rearrangement.

    UNITS 15: HYDROCARBONS

    Classification, isomerism. IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

    Alkanes – Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane): Mechanism oi halogenation of alkanes.

    Alkenes – Geometrical isomerism: Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen. halogens, water. hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxide effect): Ozonolyis and polymerization.

    Alkynes – Acidic character: Addition of hydrogen. halogens. water. and hydrogen halides: Polymerization.

    Aromatic hydrocarbons – Nomenclature. benzene – structure and aromaticity, Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration.

    Friedel – craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono- substituted benzene.

    UNIT l6: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS

    General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C-X bond: Mechanisms of substitution reactions.

    Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT

    UNIT 17: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN

    General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses. ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS, and ETHERS

    Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols: mechanism of dehydration.

    Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. nitration and sulphonation. Reimer – Tiemann reaction.

    Ethers: Structure.

    Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >c=o group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH: and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (wolf Kishner and clemmensen); the acidity of c-hydrogen. aldol condensation cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

    Carboxylic Acids
    Acidic strength and factors affecting it,

    UNIT I8: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN

    General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses.

    Amines: Nomenclature, classification structure, basic character, and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character.

    Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry’

    UNIT 19: BIOMOLECULES

    General introduction and importance of biomolecules.

    CARBOHYDRATES – classification; aldoses and ketoses: monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose)’

    PROTEINS. Elementary Ideaofo. anrinoacids, peptidebond, polypeptides. Proteins: primary. secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins enzymes.
    VITAMINS – Classification and functions.
    NUCLEIC ACIDS – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA’

    Biological functions of nucleic acids. Hormones (General introduction)

    UNIT 20: PRINCIPLES RELATED TO PRACTICAI, CHEMISTRY

    Detection of extra elements (Nilrogen, sulphur, halogens) inorganic compounds; Detection of the following functional group., hydroxyil (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds

    1 The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:

    Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt. potash alum.
    Organic compounds: Acetanilide. p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform’.

    2 The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises – Acids. bases and the use of indicators. oxalic- acid vs KMnO4. Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.

    3 Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:

    cations – pb2+. cu2+. Alr*, Fe3*. zn2r, Ni2*, c02*, Ba2*, Mg2-. NHi

    Anions– COj-, SL.SO|-. \o3′. No2-, CI-, Br-. I- (Insoluble salts excluded). Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

    l. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4

    2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base. 3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.

    4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

    Physics

    Unit 1 :Physics and measurement

    Units of measurements. System of Units, , S I Units, fundamental and derived units, least count. significant figures, Errors in measurements , Dimensions of Physics quantities. dimensional analysis, and its applications.

    Unit 2 :Kinematics –

    The frame of reference, motion in a straight line. Position- time graph. speed and velocity: Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion- Scalars and Vectors. Vector. Addition and subtraction,  scalar and vector products. Unit Vector. Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion. Uniform Circular Motion.

    Unit 3 :Laws of Motion –

    Force and inertia, Newton’s First law of motion: Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses, Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces.

    Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction. rolling friction.

    Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a level circular road. vehicle on a banked road.

    UNIT 4: WORK, BNERGY AND POWER

    Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies. work-energy theorem, power.

    The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy. conservative and non-

    conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

    UNIT 5: ROTATIONAL MOTION

    Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body: Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications;

    The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. and their applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion , comparison of linear and rotational motions.

    UNIT 6: GRAVITATION

    The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s law oi planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, time period and energy of satellite.

    UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS

    Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law. Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

    Viscosity. Stokes’ law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow. critical velocity Bemoulli’s principle and its applications.

    Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer- conduction, convection, and radiation.

    UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS

    Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.

    The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. 

    Unit 9: KINETIC THEORY OF GASES

    Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro’s number. 

    UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AI\D WAVES

    Oscillations and periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period:

    Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of travelling wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of super position of waves, reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics- Beats.

    UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS

    Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb’s law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

    Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

    Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; potential difference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two points charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

    conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitances,, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

    UNIT 12: CURRENT ELECTRICITY

    Electric current. Drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current. Ohm’s law. Electrical resistance.. v-l characteristics of ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power’ Electrical resistivity and conductivity. Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.

    Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge.

    UNIT 13: MAGNETIC ETFECTS oF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM

    Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

    Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

    Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. magnetic field lines; Magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field. para- ,dia- and ferromagnetic substances with examples, effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

    UNIT I4: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTI,N AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS

    Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, ,resonance: power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

    UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

    Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

    UNIT l6: OPTICS

    Reflection of light, spherical minors, morror formula. Refraction of right at plane and spherical surfaces, thin lens formula and lens maker formula. Total internal reflection and its applications.

    Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.

    Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid.

    UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION

    Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation: particle nature oflight. Matter wbves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation.

    UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEAR

    Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels’ hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

    UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES

    Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR).

    UNIT 20: EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS

    Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
    1. Vernier callipers -its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

    2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness / diameter of thin sheet/wire.
    3. Simple pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.
    4. Metre Scale – the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.
    5. Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
    6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,
    7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
    8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
    9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

    10. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.

    11. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
    12. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.

    13. The focal length of;

    (i) Convex mirror

    (ii) Concave mirror, and

    (iii) Convex lens, using the parallax method.
    14. The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

    15. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
    16. characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
    17. characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
    18- Identification of Diode. LED, Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items

    NEET 2024 Syllabus PDF By NTA

    NTA has finally uploaded the Updated NEET 2024 Syllabus PDF on official website www.nta.nic.in. The NEET 2024 aspirants  can download the NEET 2024 Syllabus PDF by clicking the below link. The Latest NEET UG Syllabus for 2024 is also uploaded On the official website of NMC (www.nmc.org.in). Download NEET syllabus by clicking the link below:-

    Reduced Syllabus of NEET 2024: Section-wise Deleted Topics

    The following are the Reduced Syllabus of NEET 2024 and candidates are advised to make a note of these topics that have been removed from the revised NEET Syllabus 2024.

    SectionDeleted Topics
    Biology 

    Diversity in Living World – Three domains of life, Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens,

    Angiosperms, Angiosperms classification up to class, characteristic features and examples.

    Structural Organization in Animals and Plants – Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory,

    nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only).

    Plant Physiology – Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport;

    Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast,

    transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation;

    Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport,

    Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention)

    Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity;

    Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation

    Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism

    Human Physiology – Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones;

    Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion;

    Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea

    Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.

    Reproduction – Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species;

    Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction;

    Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants

    Biology and Human Welfare – Tobacco abuse, Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein,

    Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.

    Ecology and Environment – Habitat and niche, Population and ecological adaptations, Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous);

    Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release

    Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management;

    Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning;

    Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

    Chemistry

    Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry – General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry

    Atomic Structure – Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of light

    Chemical Thermodynamics – Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction

    Some p-Block Elements – Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light

    Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen – Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places

    Environmental Chemistry – Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere,

    smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer,

    greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution,

    strategy for control of environmental pollution.

    Polymers – Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization.

    Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

    Chemistry in Everyday Life – Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquillisers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.

    Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary ideas of antioxidants.

    Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary ideas of antioxidants.

    Physics

    Physics and measurement– Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology, and

    society Need for measurement: Length, mass, and time measurements, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments.

    Kinematics – Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors,

    general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number

    Laws of Motion – Equilibrium of concurrent forces, lubrication

    Rotational Motion – Momentum conservation, centre of mass of uniform rod

    Gravitation – Geostationary satellites

    Properties of Solids and Liquids – Shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy, Reynold’s number,

    Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect, Cp, Cv, Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law

    Thermodynamics – Heat engines and refrigerators

    Oscillations and Waves – Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), Resonance, Doppler effect

    Electrostatics – Free charges and bound charges inside a conductor, Van de Graaff generator

    Current Electricity – The flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, Carbon resistors,

    color code for carbon resistors, Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference,

    and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

    Magnetic effects of current and magnetism – Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment, Cyclotron, Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron,

    Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements, Permanent magnets.

    Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current – LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only)

    Optics – Reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts, Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky

    and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset,

    Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses,

    Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

    Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation – Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained)

    Atoms and Nuclei – Isotopes, isobars; isotones, Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law

    Electronic Devices – Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators, Junction transistor,

    transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator, Transistor as a switch

    Note: All the above topics are not deleted completely, they are modified with some other related topics.

    NEET Syllabus 2024 :Physics Chapter Wise Weightage

    Physics NEET Syllabus 2024 is divided in units that covers all syllabus of class 11th and 12th topics. The table below shows the NEET marks distribution of Physics NEET syllabus 2024.

    Physics Chapters and TopicsAverage no. of Questions from the chapterWeightage of the chapter and topic (In percentage)
    Centre of Mass (Chapter – System of Particles and Rotational Motion)11%
    Gravitation23%
    Kinematics (Chapters – Motion in a straight line, Motion in a Plane)12%
    Laws of Motion37%
    Mechanical Properties of Solids & Fluids23%
    Oscillations13%
    Rotational motion (Chapter – System of Particles and Rotational Motion)11%
    Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body37%
    Units and Measurement12%
    Waves24%
    Work, Energy and Power24%
    Kinetic Theory12%
    Properties of Bulk Matter13%
    Thermal Properties of Matter12%
    Thermodynamics37%
    Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism36%
    Electric Charges & Fields12%
    Electromagnetic Waves11%
    Electrostatic Potential & Capacitance12%
    Electrostatics13%
    Alternating Currents13%
    Current Electricity36%
    Electromagnetic Induction12%
    Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits36%
    Atoms & Nuclei25%
    Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter24%
    Ray Optics & Optical Instrument35%
    Wave optics24%
    Total50100

    NEET Syllabus 2024: Biology Chapter Wise Weightage

    Biology is the most important part of NEET Exam and Biology subject is consists of Botany and Zoology, as it covers 50% of NEET question Papers and can help to score enough marks to pass the exam. The NEET chapter wise weightage of Biology subject is given in the table below

    Biology Chapters and topicsAverage no. of Questions from the chapterWeightage of the chapter and topic (In percentage)
    Botany
    Plant Diversity712%
    Plant Anatomy24%
    Morphology of Flowering Plants47%
    Cell Structure & Function612%
    Bio-molecule23%
    Plant Physiology816%
    Plant Reproduction59%
    Genetics and Evolution613%
    Ecology and Environment1024%
    Total100%
    Zoology
    Animal Kingdom410%
    Structural Organization in Animals25%
    Human Physiology2243%
    Human Reproduction & Reproductive Health1218%
    Origin & Evolution410%
    Animal husbandry23%
    Biology and Human Welfare12%
    Human Health & Diseases39%
    Total100%

    NEET Syllabus 2024: Chemistry Chapter Wise Weightage

    NEET Syllabus of Chemistry includes topics like Organic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Physical Chemistry all covered in NEET chemistry Syllabus.

    In the table below, here is theNEET chapter wise weightage for Chemistry syllabus: –

    Chemistry Chapters and TopicsAverage no. of Questions from the chapterWeightage of the chapter and topic (In percentage)
    Inorganic Chemistry-I22%
    Chemical Bonding49%
    p-block37%
    Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties24%
    Hydrogen12%
    s-block13%
    Inorganic Chemistry-II12%
    Coordination Compounds36%
    d-block & f-block Elements24%
    Metallurgy12%
    Qualitative Analysis12%
    Organic Chemistry-I8%
    Hydrocarbons24%
    General Organic Chemistry25%
    Organic Chemistry-II26%
    Haloalkane12%
    Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids33%
    Polymer12%
    Alkyl Halide, Alcohol & Ether34%
    Aromatic Compounds56%
    Biomolecules44%
    Carbonyl Compounds34%
    Organic Compounds containing nitrogen23%
    Chemistry in Everyday Life23%
    Environmental chemistry12%
    IUPAC & Isomerism24%
    Practical Organic Chemistry12%
    Physical Chemistry-I17%
    Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry13%
    Chemical Equilibrium13%
    Ionic Equilibrium24%
    Redox Reactions12%
    Gaseous State13%
    Mole Concept25%
    Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry13%
    Physical Chemistry-II15%
    Chemical Kinetics24%
    Electrochemistry13%
    Solid State13%
    Solution & Colligative Properties24%
    Surface Chemistry12%
    NEET 2024 Syllabus wise weightage

    Marking Scheme for NEET UG 2024 Exam

    NEET 2024 aspirants should  know the marking scheme for the NEET 2024 UG exam  before start their preparation with the NEET 2024 Syllabus. This marking scheme will help students in deciding to attempt or not to attempt the question during the examination. Marking scheme is as follows:-

    Marking scheme of NEET Exam 2024
    ParticularsMarks Allotted
    Correct Answer+4
    Incorrect answer-1
    No answer/ Multiple answers0

    Language Of NEET 2024 Exam

    Candidates can attempt the NEET exam in 11 languages. Check the languages and the exam centres where you can attempt in particular Exam centres. In below table all information about Medium and Medium availability in the NEET Exam Centres is given.

    MediumAvailability in the NEET exam centres
    EnglishAvailable at all exam cities/centres
    HindiAvailable at all exam cities/centres
    MarathiAvailable at exam centres in Maharashtra
    BengaliAvailable at exam centres in West Bengal
    GujaratiAvailable at exam centres in Gujarat, Daman, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli
    TamilAvailable at exam centres in Tamil Nadu
    TeluguAvailable at exam centres in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
    KannadaAvailable at exam centres in Karnataka
    OriyaAvailable at exam centres in Odisha
    AssameseAvailable at exam centres in Assam

    Tips for NEET 2024 Exam

    After getting familiar with the NEET Syllabus 2024 it is important to put in meticulous effort and hard work for the preparation of the NEET 2024 Exam.

    Some of the most effective preparation tips that can take candidates closer to their study goals are given below.

    Preparation Tips for NEET 2024 Exam

    NEET preparation can be stressful and challenging. It is important to stay motivated and positive throughout the preparation period. NEET is a National level highly competitive Exam that needs extensive preparation and effort. You may increase your chances of success by following these preparatory recommendations. Throughout the preparation period, remember to stay focused, motivated and positive.

    Faq on NEET 2024 Syllabus

    Q: Is NEET 2024 Syllabus reduced or not?

    Ans: Yes, NEET 2024 Syllabus is revised , NTA has posted new NEET Syllabus 2024 pdf to official site https://www.nta.nic.in.

    Q: Do class 12 chapters carry more weight than class 11 chapters?

    Ans: NEET covers both the 11th and 12th-grade curricula. The syllabus from both groups is given equal weightage.

    Q: How can I tell which chapter has the most points?

    Ans: Examine and analyse previous years’ question papers. Examine and note any questions that have occurred for each topic/chapter over the years. To forecast the weightage, take an average.

    Q: What is the importance of classes 11 and 12?

    Ans: In general, class 12 receives 60% weightage and class 11 receives 40% weightage in NEET, but this cannot be guaranteed.

    For Admission Update

    Name
    Mobile
    State
    Course

    MBBS Counselling